The minimum wage established in this chapter does not apply to:
(a) any employee who is entitled to a minimum wage as provided in 29 U.S.C. Sec. 201 et seq., the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as amended;
(b) outside sales persons;
(c) an employee who is a member of the employer’s immediate family;
(d) companionship service for persons who, because of age or infirmity, are unable to care for themselves;
(e) casual and domestic employees as defined by the commission;
(f) seasonal employees of nonprofit camping programs, religious or recreation programs, and nonprofit educational and charitable organizations registered under Title 13, Chapter 22, Charitable Solicitations Act;
(g) an individual employed by the United States of America;
(h) any prisoner employed through the penal system;
(i) any employee employed in agriculture if the employee:
(i) is principally engaged in the range production of livestock;
(ii) is employed as a harvest laborer and is paid on a piece rate basis in an operation that has been and is generally recognized by custom as having been paid on a piece rate basis in the region of employment;
(iii) was employed in agriculture less than 13 weeks during the preceding calendar year; or
(iv) is a retired or semiretired person performing parttime or incidental work as a condition of the employee’s residence on a farm or ranch;
(j) registered apprentices or students employed by the educational institution in which they are enrolled; or
(k) any seasonal hourly employee employed by a seasonal amusement establishment with permanent structures and facilities if the other direct monetary compensation from tips, incentives, commissions, endofseason bonus, or other forms of pay is sufficient to cause the average hourly rate of total compensation for the season of seasonal hourly employees who continue to work to the end of the operating season to equal the applicable minimum wage if the seasonal amusement establishment:
(i) does not operate for more than seven months in any calendar year; or
(ii) during the preceding calendar year its average receipts for any six months of that year were not more than 331/3% of its average receipts for the other six months of that year.
(l)Persons with a disability whose earnings or productive capacities are impaired by age, physical or mental deficiencies, or injury may be employed at wages that are lower than the minimum wage, provided the wage is related to the employee’s productivity.
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