The Federal Employee Polygraph Protection Act (EPPA) establishes guidelines for polygraph testing and imposes restrictions on most private employers. In general, businesses cannot request, suggest or require any job applicant to take a preemployment polygraph examination. Businesses can request a current employee to take a polygraph examination or suggest to such a person that a polygraph examination be taken, only when specific conditions have been satisfied. Nevertheless, the employer cannot require current employees to take and examination, and if an employee refuses a request or suggestion, the employer cannot discipline or discharge the employee based on the refusal to submit to the examination.
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