A football player is tackled and breaks an arm during a championship game. It’s a complicated break, and doctors tell him they aren’t sure if he’ll ever be able to play the game professionally again. So why can’t he sue the other player for lost earnings?
The answer, which we will get into below, is called the “assumption of risk” doctrine.
Simply put, the injured football player would not have a valid personal injury claim because he knew – or should know – football injuries are common and chose to play the game anyway. This protects the player doing the tackling from liability by the assumption of risk defense.
The assumption of risk defense states that people who engage in dangerous activities can’t hold another party liable for any injuries. This defense protects people from liability when someone else is injured or killed during a freak accident if the victim was participating voluntarily.
A person in the stands is hit and injured by a wayward ball during a baseball game. Circumstances vary, of course, but courts have held that choosing to attend the baseball game typically removes liability from others, such as the batter or the owner of the stadium.
The existence of the assumption of risk doctrine doesn’t mean that a baseball fan who got hit by a foul ball won’t file a personal injury lawsuit. But it does mean that the assumed risk involved could be used as a defense.
This defense must be able to show that the plaintiff:
Have you ever signed a waiver before going bungee jumping or before getting a tattoo? That waiver was an express form of assumption of risk meant to protect businesses and individuals. The fine print in that tattoo artist’s waiver you just signed may state that you can’t sue them later for any injuries to the skin should an infection develop.
You stood outside the skating rink watching the other skaters before deciding to join in. By doing so, you accepted an implied assumption of risk, meaning that you understood the risks involved and chose to participate anyway.
Posted warning signs also serve as a stand-in for the assumption of risk. Examples could include:
In each of these examples, there would not be a valid case for personal injury against any parties if an injury or illness occurred. Each individual assumed risk. The defense could argue that the responsibility lies solely with the people who ignored the posted warning signs.
Assumption of risk will not work as a valid defense in a few circumstances:
Accidents happen. But it’s not always someone else’s fault when they do, or when injuries occur as a result. Protect yourself when taking part in risky activities by taking part in any recommended training and always reading the fine print on waivers or contracts before signing.
Injuries cost money, including time away from work, medical bills, and other complications. Before taking legal action or trying to negotiate a settlement on your own, you should talk to an attorney about your case. You can search LawInfo’s legal directory to find a local personal injury attorney to discuss the merits of your case. This one step can level the playing field, help you protect your rights, and put you in the best position for recovering the compensation that you deserve.