An uncontested divorce is one of the ways you can divorce your spouse. An uncontested divorce simply means you and your spouse agree on all the terms of the divorce. These may include:
If you agree on these terms, then there is no need for you to go to court.
The divorce process in an uncontested divorce is a bit different from a contested divorce. In an uncontested divorce, you will need to first fill out a divorce settlement agreement. This settlement agreement should outline the specifics of the agreement you made with your spouse.
You will then take the agreement to the judge. In most cases, judges will ask some basic questions, like:
The judge will usually approve the agreement unless they believe it's fundamentally unfair to one party.
State laws set a certain waiting period before a divorce becomes final. Make sure to research your state's laws to know when your divorce will be finalized.
Drafting a settlement agreement can be time-consuming and complicated as you and your spouse have to agree on everything before you take your agreement to the judge. The process may be a little easier if you don't have significant assets or if you don't have children.
Depending on your situation, it may be worth it to retain a divorce lawyer who will help you with the drafting. The lawyer can also just review your agreement to make sure your rights are protected. Many people choose to retain a lawyer solely for this part of the process. This allows them to ensure they aren't giving away their rights, while still keeping the cost of divorce low.
There are a number of reasons why many think an uncontested divorce is the better route to finalize a dissolution of marriage. Some of them include:
Because it takes less time, and because most of the work is done outside the court, the costs of uncontested divorces can be significantly cheaper. Although an attorney is recommended, the faster procedure will save you money in attorney fees and filing fees.
An uncontested divorce usually takes less time because there is no need for you or your spouse to go to court and argue the case.
If you have minor children, finalizing the divorce this way would be ideal. This is because your children wouldn't have to see the tension in the time-consuming and costly proceedings of custody and child support.
Since you and your spouse agree on the terms of the divorce, a court hearing won't be necessary. The judge will look at the legal documents and approve your divorce if everything is lawful and fair. This means there is very little room for surprises in terms of what your final divorce will look like. You, and not a judge, will determine the outcome of your divorce.
Most of the divorce paperwork filled during a divorce proceeding is public record unless sealed. However, in uncontested divorce cases, the documents you file with the court clerk do not disclose a lot of information. Thus, there isn't a lot of information that goes into the public record.
You are not required by law to have a lawyer in either a contested or an uncontested divorce. In cases of uncontested divorces, you may be able to handle the case with no help from a lawyer. However, it is always the best option to at least have a lawyer go through your agreement to make sure your rights are protected.
It may also make sense to hire a mediator to help you and your spouse reach an agreement. A mediator is a trained professional that helps spouses explore their options and reach a mutual agreement.
It is still possible to go through an uncontested divorce, even though children and substantial assets may be involved. In such cases, however, it might be best to hire a family law attorney or a mediator to make sure both parties negotiate an agreement until they reach a get a fair deal.