Child Support Law
When a parent does not meet the child support obligation, child support offices work to enforce the support order. Below is a list of some enforcement methods.
Credit bureau reporting
If a noncustodial parent owes at least $1,000 in past due child support, the child support office reports the delinquency to credit bureau agencies.
New hire reporting
Employers must report basic information about all their newly hired employees to the Minnesota New Hire Reporting Center. Employers must provide this information within 20 days of the day the employee starts work. Employers must also report when employees no longer work for them.
Each state`s child support computer system receives data provided through new hire reporting. Then child support office staff use the information to locate noncustodial parents and to establish or modify child support orders.
Driver`s license suspension
Driver`s licenses may be suspended for noncustodial parents who:
Occupational license suspension
Noncustodial parents who are working in occupations that require a license from the state, county, or municipal board or agency (e.g., realtors, barbers, lawyers) may have their licenses suspended if they:
Noncustodial parents receive notice of a pending suspension and can request a hearing before the license is suspended.
Passport applications may be denied if noncustodial parents:
Tax refund intercept
The child support office can collect past due child support from a noncustodial parent`s state income tax refund or property tax credit. It can also intercept federal income tax refunds and state lottery winnings.
If a noncustodial parent owes past due child support, the child support office may take periodic or lump sum payments the noncustodial parent receives from state or local agencies, including: reemployment insurance, workers` compensation, and lottery winnings. The child support office may also take assets held in financial institutions or in retirement funds.
Contempt of court
The court may find a noncustodial parent in contempt of court if the noncustodial parent has the ability to pay but is willfully not paying the child support obligations. This enforcement tool is used only when all others have failed.