With eight different types of court, you may not know where to go if you ever have to deal with the Indiana judicial system. However, it can help to think of the system as comprising four separate levels.
The first level is made up of “limited jurisdiction” courts: town courts, city courts, and one small claims court in Marion County. The town and city courts typically handle ordinance violations, traffic violations, and misdemeanors.
The second level is the “general jurisdiction” courts: the circuit and superior courts. Both handle civil and criminal matters, but the circuit courts tend to handle more complex, or severe, matters. The circuit courts also hear appeals of decisions in the town and city courts.
The third level includes the Court of Appeals and the Tax Court. The Court of Appeals hears appeals of rulings from lower courts. Most of the cases heard by the Tax Court are appeals from taxpayers on decisions made by state or local governments on how much tax they owe.
The fourth level is the state's top court, the Indiana Supreme Court, which hears appeals of decisions made by the Court of Appeals and the Tax Court.
When faced with a legal issue, contacting an experienced attorney is always the best bet to protect your rights and options. At LawInfo you can search for a skilled, Lead Counsel Rated Indiana attorney by location and by practice area. You can search by a specific area of the law, so you will find the right attorney who has the knowledge to help you with your particular legal issue.