The court system in the state of Colorado contains two distinct classes of court: appellate courts and trial courts. The trial courts handle the initial work of trials and verdicts, while appellate courts hear appeals of those verdicts and make more final decisions if parties aren't satisfied with the results produced by lower courts.
There are many different court systems within the class of trial courts; these may be further subdivided into courts of limited jurisdiction and general jurisdiction. Courts of limited jurisdiction include traffic courts, municipal courts, county courts, and small claims courts. These primarily deal with smaller civil and criminal affairs, in addition to preliminary work for the courts of general jurisdiction.
The courts of general jurisdiction are also known as district courts, and they oversee all other criminal and civil trials. These include felony trials, family law matters, probate cases, and cases involving juveniles.
There are two appellate courts in the state of Colorado: the Court of Appeals, which is the first court to hear appeals from the district courts, and the Colorado Supreme Court. Decisions made by the Court of Appeals may only be overturned by the Colorado Supreme Court, which is the highest appellate court in the Colorado court system.
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