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Adoption law falls under Family Law and is mainly governed by the states in which the parent and child live. Adoption law requires adoption lawyers to establish a process by which a legal parent-child relationship is created between individuals who are not biologically parent and child. The biological parent gives up all parental rights and obligations, and these rights and obligations are assumed by the adoptive parents.
These days there are a lot more options available to adoption lawyers for the adoption process. Adoptive families can adopt a child much easier than ever before. For example, as an adoptive parent, you can choose a closed adoption where the parents remain anonymous, or opt for the increasingly common open adoption where you actually meet and can maintain contact with the birth parents.
Your adoption lawyer can help you adopt a child from another country (international adoption) or one of a different race or ethnic background. You can even adopt a "special needs" child who may have physical, mental or behavioral disabilities. Some children are also considered "special needs children" because of their age or minority group status.
There are several other different tupes of adoption. Read LawInfo's adoption legal resources here.
The formal legal adoption process differs significantly from state to state. An adoption lawyer specializing in adoptions knows the particular procedures and laws of the state in which you live. With the assistance and representation of a qualified adoption lawyer, you can be better assured that all the procedures are properly followed to ensure your adoption is legal and binding.