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Federal law requires that men and women receive equal pay for substantially equal work. It is the job content, not the job title, that determines whether the work is substantially equal. Equal pay includes things such as wages, benefits and paid time off. It sounds simple in theory but unequal pay for men and women is still a very real problem in the United States. In 2009, the federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission received its second highest number of wage discrimination complaints in the agency’s history. The EEOC investigates allegations of wage discrimination and tries to put the victim in the same position that the victim would have been in had there been no discrimination. The EEOC has the authority to ensure that victims of wage discrimination receive back pay and promotions that were illegally denied for discriminatory reasons. The EEOC can also impose punitive damages. If you have been a victim of wage discrimination, know that you have important legal rights to protect.