Under the Child Status Protection Act (CSPA), certain minor children of aliens who might otherwise lose their eligibility for immigration benefits after turning 21 may retain the classification of a “child” even after such age. The law was intended to protect against those minors who aged-out or turned 21 years old as a result of application processing delays. If you are a U.S. citizen or a lawful permanent resident and you file a Petition for Alien Relative on behalf of your child before he or she turns 21, your child will continue to be considered a child for immigration purposes even if USCIS does not act on the petition before your child turns 21. The dates of your application and the date your child reaches majority are very important. If you believe you may be eligible for this program, check out the USCIS Child Status Protection Act Fact Sheet for more information.