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In criminal justice, the restored a framework emphasizes the need to repair victims harmed through various means such as negotiation, reparation or mediation. Traditionally, rehabilitation and deterrence were the staple series a punishment in the United States. More recently, many jurisdictions throughout the United States have begun to employ a restorative model to address the needs crime victims. Restorative justice focuses on reconciliation between victim and offender. Emphasis is put on the harm done to the victim and the relationships affected by the crime as opposed to the punishment traditionally imposed on the offender. Proponents of the restorative justice model emphasize the need to involve the community in addressing and rectifying criminal behavior. The premise behind restorative justice requires cooperation to both victim and offender not coercion to participate.