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Medical Malpractice Law

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Damage Caps

Punitive damages in excess of three times the claimant’s compensatory damages are presumed to be unreasonable, and the court must order a remittitur unless it determines by clear and convincing evidence that the amount is not excessive. Florida’s voluntary arbitration process also provides a cap on non­economic damages under certain circumstances. The damage cap in the arbitration statute has been held to be constitutional. A recent District Court of Appeal decision held that an arbitrator may award no more than $250,000 for a single wrongful death claim, regardless of the number of claimants. It certified to the Supreme Court the question whether the cap on non­economic damages of $250,000 per incident in a voluntary arbitration applies to each beneficiary under the Wrongful Death Act or applies in the aggregate to all beneficiaries.

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