OSHA generally covers any employer engaged in a business affecting interstate commerce that has at least one employee. However, OSHA does exempt certain employers from some requirements and penalties if they have 10 or fewer employees. This Act does not apply to residential owners who employ persons for ordinary domestic household things, such as cleaning, caring for children and cooking, etc. State and local governments are not covered and states have developed their own laws. OSHA encourages states to take on responsibility and enforcement roles. The Act does not prohibit a state agency from enforcing its own OSHA laws as long as the state law does not conflict with the federal law.
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