Motor Vehicle Accidents Law

Types of Car Accident Injuries

Auto accidents are a leading cause of injuries in the United States. Crash injuries vary depending on the situation and people involved. Common car accident injuries include:

  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Back sprains and strains
  • Whiplash
  • Broken bones
  • Emotional distress

This article is a general overview of frequently documented vehicle accident injuries. Always seek medical attention after a car crash, as many of these injuries, which may seem minor at first, can be hard to spot on the surface.

Head Injuries

Head injuries are both some of the most common and serious injuries in traffic collisions. You can suffer a head injury from hitting the dashboard, steering wheel or windows. You can even suffer from head and neck whiplash no matter the speed. These can leave you with:

  • Bruises, scrapes, and deep lacerations
  • Hearing problems
  • Vision loss
  • Skull fractures

Additionally, closed head injuries can cause damage to the fluid and tissue in the skull. The severity of such traumatic brain injuries can range from a mild concussion, which is the most common, to severe brain damage, coma, and even death.

Long-term medical care and extensive treatment are often necessary, which could lead to substantial financial hardship.

Back Injuries

Fractured vertebrae, herniated disks, sprains, strains, and spinal cord damage are common lower-back injuries. A herniated disc can cause a lot of problems, including tingling sensations or numbness, pain in the legs or arms, and muscle weakness. Spinal cord damage is more severe and can significantly affect the nerves, reducing control of and sensation in the arms, feet, hands, legs, or other parts of the body. Sometimes, spinal cord damage results in paralysis.

Whiplash Injuries

Whiplash injury is possibly the most well-known neck injury from a car accident. Whiplash is the result of sudden movement stretching the ligaments and muscles in the neck and upper back so far that the soft tissues sustain damage.

Rear-end collisions most frequently cause whiplash because the impact sends the bodies of the passengers forward while their heads remain stationary.

Neck and Chest Injuries

Pain, swelling, and even temporary vocal cord paralysis are reasonably common neck injuries as well.

Chest injuries can be less common after a crash and typically include bruises and wounds. However, more severe chest injuries include:

  • Broken ribs
  • Collapsed lungs
  • Internal bleeding
  • Organ damage
  • Cardiac arrest for people with heart conditions

All vehicle occupants could experience these injuries because the force that the collision puts on their bodies smashes them against their seat belts. Drivers can also suffer these injuries if they collide with the steering wheel.

Other Bodily Injuries

Bruises, cuts, and scrapes can occur to the arms, hands, feet, and legs when they collide with other objects in the car.

These injuries can range from mild to serious, causing blood loss and requiring stitches. The occupants' limbs can also be thrown against the door beside them or into the dashboard or seat in front of them, resulting in bruises, broken bones, cuts or sprains.

Emotional Distress and Psychological Injuries

The injuries people suffer after car accidents aren't always visible. Those who have emotional distress generally experience anxiety and stress reactions in certain situations, especially when they're in a car.

PTSD After an Accident

While these reactions go away for most people, they don't go away for those who develop post-traumatic stress disorder. PTSD is a psychiatric condition that makes individuals relive their traumas in flashbacks and nightmares.

People living with PTSD may feel estranged from family and have trouble sleeping, both of which can hinder their daily lives. Counseling is a standard treatment for PTSD and other mental injuries after a traffic collision.

Getting Legal Help

Legal help is available for those injured in car accidents due to the negligent, malicious, or reckless actions of others. Those who want to seek compensation for physical or mental injuries should consider talking to a car accident lawyer.

Since the laws for personal injury compensation differ from state to state, an experienced accident lawyer could provide personalized answers to questions. Talk to them about your specific situation, and they can lead you through the legal process.